Find file names with invalid encoding on Linux

I have files copied from Windows computers in ancient times. The filenames contain special characters and they have been messed up somewhere along the way. For example I got a file named 9.5.2 Modelo de aceptaci??n (espa??ol).doc in the folder 9 Garant??a del Estado.

First, I want to find and list these files. Stackexchange tells us how to do that:

LC_ALL=C find . -name '*[! -~]*'

This will find all names that have non-ASCII letters, not only those that are broken. But in my case I have folders where ALL of the names are broken, so I don’t mind.

Second, I want to fix the names. I did it manually, but for future reference, if I ever were to do anything like that again, I might use one of the solutions proposed in this thread on serverfault.com.

How to get WiFi running on Suse Leap 42.3 (Broadcom driver)

After the update from Suse Leap 42.2 to Suse Leap 42.3, my Wifi stopped working. Which is kind of bad, because I need internet to figure out what is wrong…

This was the situation right after the update, when it was not working:

> lspci -nnk | grep -A 3 "Network"
04:00.0 Network controller [0280]: Broadcom Corporation BCM43142 802.11b/g/n [14e4:4365] (rev 01)
        Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device [103c:804a]
        Kernel driver in use: bcma-pci-bridge
        Kernel modules: bcma
> hwinfo --short
network:
  eth0                 Realtek RTL8101/2/6E PCI Express Fast/Gigabit Ethernet controller
                       Broadcom BCM43142 802.11b/g/n
network interface:
  eth0                 Ethernet network interface
  lo                   Loopback network interface
> iwconfig
lo        no wireless extensions.
eth0      no wireless extensions.
> lsmod | grep "wl"

No WiFi to be seen!

So now this is what I did:

  1. Remove the old driver:
    > rpm -e broadcom-wl broadcom-wl-kmp-default 
    
  2. Find out my exact kernel version (the last part is the part we need, i.e., “default”):
    > uname -r
    4.4.104-39-default
    
  3. Add the Packman repository to my repositories:
    > zypper addrepo http://packman.inode.at/suse/openSUSE_Leap_42.3/ packman
    
  4. Install the drivers, paying attention to my kernel type (…-“default”):
    > zypper install broadcom-wl-kmp-default broadcom-wl
    

    You can also download the rpm by hand and install it. In that case, you need to pay attention to the full kernel number. Meaning, for my kernel 4.4.104-39, I should install the driver from broadcom-wl-kmp-default-6.30.223.271_k4.4.49_19-3.6.x86_64.rpm where the numbers after the k match exactly. Using Packman does that for you.

    Another issue I had with manual installation was missing keys. At least my configuration forces a valid PGP key and aborts if no key is in the key list. And I didn’t have a key for the downloaded rpms. It is possible to tell rpm to install the packages without checking the key (option --nosignature), but that did not properly install the package (without error messages, of course). When installing with zypper it looks for the key itself and you don’t have to worry.

  5. I rebuilt the loaded modules list and then restarted, but I am not sure it is necessary:
    > mkinitrd
    

Finally, the outputs of the above commands are (for reference, the next time it breaks):

> lspci -nnk | grep -A 3 "Network"
04:00.0 Network controller [0280]: Broadcom Corporation BCM43142 802.11b/g/n [14e4:4365] (rev 01)
        Subsystem: Hewlett-Packard Company Device [103c:804a]
        Kernel driver in use: wl
        Kernel modules: bcma, wl
> hwinfo --short
network:
  eth0                 Realtek RTL8101/2/6E PCI Express Fast/Gigabit Ethernet controller
  wlan0                Broadcom BCM43142 802.11b/g/n

network interface:
  wlan0                WLAN network interface
  eth0                 Ethernet network interface
  lo                   Loopback network interface
> iwconfig
lo        no wireless extensions.
wlan0     IEEE 802.11abg  ESSID:"..."  
          Mode:Managed  Frequency:2.412 GHz  Access Point: ...   
          Bit Rate=65 Mb/s   Tx-Power=200 dBm   
          Retry short limit:7   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
          Encryption key:off
          Power Management:off
          Link Quality=70/70  Signal level=-39 dBm  
          Rx invalid nwid:0  Rx invalid crypt:0  Rx invalid frag:0
          Tx excessive retries:0  Invalid misc:0   Missed beacon:0
eth0      no wireless extensions.
> lsmod | grep "wl"
wl                   6451200  0 
cfg80211              610304  1 wl

And it only took all afternoon … sometimes I hate Linux 🙁